What rhetorical strategies does the author use and to what effect?

The Assignment: Write a rhetorical analysis of the assigned text. Use all the knowledge you gained when we learned about conducting an effective rhetorical analysis.Your rhetorical analysis should have a main claim or argument (as we have been discussing. Think about this: What rhetorical strategies does the author use and to what effect?Advice: When conducting a “rhetorical analysis,” thoroughly examine the connections between the author/speaker/rhetor, the audience, the purpose of the text/speech, and the context in which the text/speech was written/read/delivered (author-audience-purpose-context). In addition, consider not just what an author/speaker is saying, but also how the author says it. This is what we practiced in class.Hints:Consider the author’s use of words and phrases and how the text itself is structured. Focus on the “how.” (Likewise, consider not just what a paragraph says, but what it does.)You don’t need to have a name for every rhetorical strategy. You just need to be able to describe the strategy and recognize its effect. I encourage you to use some of the language that we have learned (such as ethos, pathos, logos, fallacies, figures of speech, etc.Grading Considerations:MLA formattingHookSummary – author, title of the text, where the text was published, author’s thesis, quote, and correct punctuation.When citing remember to use the sandwich approach.Analytic thesis – phrased correctly like we have been practicing.Clear body paragraphs that are connected to the analytic thesis statement.Effective conclusion.
Rhetorical Appeals in Rhetorical AnalysisIn learning about rhetorical analysis, we focus on how an author/article presents a persuasive argument. For the analysis, we look at how effectively an author employs three rhetorical appeals. We ask ourselves whether the appeals succeed or fail to win over the audience. We also check for fallacies in the argument. Common fallacies include the following: hasty generalization, bandwagon, red herring, strawperson, and many others, which you can find on this link: https://thebestschools.org/magazine/15-logical-fallacies-know/. We also consider how effectively an author uses figures of speech such as irony, metaphor, and others.The three rhetorical appeals and how we employ them in analysis:Logos: You could point out a logical flaw in the author’s argument (e.g., a red herring, strawperson, or bandwagon fallacy), and find a source that explains the type of fallacy the author is making. Alternatively, you could use a source to show that the author is misinformed or has left something out of the discussion.Pathos: You could point out that the author is effectively (or not) appealing to emotions and find a source to quote that explains why emotional appeal is important to effective arguments. Alternatively, you could use a source to show what an effective emotional appeal looks like, if the author’s is lacking.Ethos: You could analyze the author’s credibility by stating that they are an expert on the subject and find an additional source that includes biographical information about the author to cite. Alternatively, if the author is lacking credible sources, you could find one to quote to show what the author could have included to build the reader’s trust in their argument.As you plan to write your body paragraphs, consider the following questions:Purpose: What is the main point, purpose, message, thesis, or argumentative claim of the article? To analyze how well the author employs each appeal in each body paragraph, you need to know what it aims to persuade the reader of.Audience: Who is the intended audience for this argument? Or do you think it is simply written to a neutral reader? To analyze the article’s effectiveness, you need to know who it is intended to persuade. Do NOT simply write this analysis as personal opinion (e.g., I think the author wrote a good argument because he persuaded me.). Instead, take a broader perspective discussing how well the author reaches the intended audience or at least a neutral reader.Logos: Does the article effectively appeal to logic? Would it effectively persuade its audience or a neutral reader? Does it provide a clear argumentative claim and logical supporting points? Does it provide persuasive supporting evidence and examples? Why or why not? Does it engage in any logical fallacies (e.g., bandwagon appeal, red herring, strawperson, hasty generalization, etc.).Ethos: Does the article effectively create an appeal to credibility? Does the author seem like a credible expert (such as actual experience with the topic or expertise through study)? Does the article cite trustworthy sources for the evidence it provides? Does the author employ a trustworthy tone? Why or why not?Pathos: Does the article effectively appeal to emotion? If so, what specific emotion(s) does it appeal to? Does it include imagery, stories, or examples that would effectively pull on the reader’s heartstrings and make them care about this issue? Why or why not?Other Elements: As a reader, what other elements of the article did you find persuasive or frustrating? Did you spot any figures of speech and how the author uses these? Why might other readers find these elements similarly helpful or problematic?Overall: Does this article present a persuasive argument that effectively employs all three of the appeals to audience? If not, why would these elements fail to win over the audience?
IntroductionOpening Hook: A personal or hypothetical story relevant to topic of chosen article.Summary of the Article: Including author, title of article, type of work, author’s thesis, an overview of author’s support, one quote, and how the article concludes.Analytic Thesis: “Although format” statement analyzing how persuasive the author’s argument is, especially concerning their use of the appeals to audience – logic, emotion, and credibility – and other rhetorical strategies, including at least one with and against the grain point.Body ParagraphTopic Sentence: e.g., On one hand, the author does (not) effectively appeal to X by doing…. Advice: Start with the side for which you have fewer points, so you can end the essay by emphasizing the stronger side of your analysis. Avoid personal pronouns.Support 1: Quoted/Paraphrased Example 1Support 2: Quoted/Paraphrased Example 2Closing Point: Reinforce the importance of the point from the topic sentence.Body ParagraphTopic Sentence: e.g., Additionally/Furthermore, the author does (not) effectively appeal to Z by doing….Support 1: Quoted/Paraphrased Example 1Support 2: Quoted/Paraphrased Example 2Closing Point: Reinforce the importance of the point from the topic sentence.Body Paragraph : Additional body paragraphs should discuss other rhetorical strategies or elements that add to or detract from the effectiveness of the author’s argument or writing. This could include elements the author failed to include or address in their essay that would have been beneficial.ConclusionSummary: Review thesis and supporting points.Closing Hook: e.g., framing story (go back to how you started), memorable quote (from the author of your article or another source), call to action (what people should do about the issue), thought-provoking question that keeps the conversation going.