Visual Search Experiment

This is a research proposal for a visual search experiment we did in class.1. ABSTRACTGoes on separate page. Length120-150 words. Short paragraph (120 to 150 or fewer words) describing the fourmajor sections of your article (Introduction, Method, Results, Discussion).
2. INTRODUCTIONGeneral: The introductionis the first page of full text following the abstract. The function of theintroduction is obvious, so it is not labeled “Introduction”. Instead, the fulltitle of your paper is the title of this section.
First Paragraphs: The introductionis to inform the reader of the specific research question. In writing theintroduction, consider: What is the question being studied? What psychological theory supports the study?The beginning of the introduction should let the reader know your generaltopic, and why it is important. You may want to start with a real-life examplethat illustrates the issue. It should be easy to understand. This will get thereader involved and interested. Keep in mind that scientific writing avoidsspeaking directly to the reader (e.g., “Have you ever been in a situation…..”).This is too informal. At the end of the opening paragraphs, make sure toinclude a clear goal statement (e.g., “The purpose of this study is toinvestigate the relation ….”).
Previous Literature: After theinitial paragraphs, discuss previous literature. You do not need to include anexhaustive historical review. Only cite studies that are in some way pertinentto your research question. If you cite a study, you have to list it in theReferences section! In summarizing earlier studies, avoid nonessential details.Emphasize major conclusions and findings. Try to give the reader a generalunderstanding of the study, but your main goal is to convey the significance ofthe study. Keep in mind what we went over in class. [Use Scholar Google and/orPsychinfo with keywords such as ’visual search’ to find articles]
Proposed Study &Hypothesis:Next, you will move from talking about what others have done to what we havedone in our experiment. The general introduction and review of previous workshould motivate your proposal. The reader should be at a place where they canunderstand the proposal. Describe what you expect to find. This is where youstate your hypothesis. After you stated your hypothesis, include a clearprediction about how your results should pan out. You already know the results,so it should be easy to formulate a prediction.
Additional Suggestions: Note that inorder to state your hypothesis, you must have determined the variables (IV andDV) that you were using. If necessary, include operational definitions of yourvariables. So, it is a good idea to answer the following questions before youbegin writing the introduction: What variable was manipulated by theexperimenter? What results do I expect to find? Why do I expect them? Is thereanything in the previous literature that helps me answer these questions? Howcan I use the previous literature to help motivate my question? Is my projectan experiment or a quasi-experiment?
• find at least 7references (no books or book chapters allowed, all references have to be peer-reviewedarticles from google scholar)
4. METHOD•The method section is where you tell the reader what you did to test your hypothesis.Your description should have enough detailso that other researchers could replicateyour study.
•Participants: You need to describe who your participants were and whythey participated. For experiments completed in this class, it will suffice tosay that “12 psychology studentsparticipated as part of a class demonstration.”
•Materials: Here you describe unique materials or equipment
•Design: Here you explain what variables were included in the experiment and how they were used (Typically you don’t just name them).Remember – the Independent Variableis manipulated by theexperimenter and we hope that it has an effecton the Dependent Variable that we measured. Mention if your IV waswithin-subjects or between-subjects.
•Procedure: Here you tell the reader what (exactly) you did.You need to describe the task of theparticipant, and how differentconditions differed from one another. However, DO NOT include informationthat is irrelevant to the study. (For example, you do not need to mentionturning on the computer or entering passwords, etc.)
5.REFERENCES (start on separate page)