The client with spinal cord injury suddenly experiences an episode of autonomic dysreflexia. After..

The client with spinal cord injury
suddenly experiences an episode of autonomic dysreflexia. After checking vital
signs, which immediate action should the nurse take?

1. Raise the head of the bed and
remove the noxious stimulus 2. Lower the head of the bed and remove the noxious
stimulus 3. Lower the head of the bed and administer an antihypertensive agent
4. Remove the noxious stimulus and administer an antihypertensive agent