Scientific Research

Materials to aid the questions (The writer needs to read the materials tharrely)These are supporting materials that can be assit with both questions and also it is important to cite the materials used. This assignment was already done by me. However I failed. Please read the comments highlighted are very important. The sample provided, it is my work which I failed. Use if it helps.REASONS FOR FAILING THE ASSIGNMENTUnfortunately, I need to fail this assignment. The use of references is not totally correct here. You need to mark the references also in the locations that are not direct citations of the original source. Also, you have not cited the materials that was assigned for this task. In the section 2, you do not cite the literature review at all.1. Links: Developing and presenting literature review: Completing your Qualitative Dissertation and Literature Review (Find in Sage Research Publication)- Epistemology In: The SAGE Encyclopedia of Social Science Research Methods page 1 – 33. Ontology In : The SAGE Encyclopedia of Social Science Research Methods4. Reasoning in organization studies – It is a journal article of reasoning in organization science( you must search it).Questions 1 – One pageGive a description of the process of scientific inquiry. Consider also about what kind of choices you have to make when starting a research project, what is the primary role of the literature review, when you should follow inductive, deductive or abductive logic?Scientific inquiry is also referred to as the study or research that scientists carry out. They perform multiple types of research and gather data in order to prove or disprove a theoretical question. The findings of their research are made public in order to help others study and learn about the subject or topic, as well as become acquainted with what is going on in the world. Instead of trusting assumptions and intuition, this process includes critical thinking and asking actual questions to aid in determining the accuracy of factual information that has been tested or disproved. Among other things, a typical example from psychology, as in all science-related fields, is that this process aims to evaluate assumptions, measure outcomes, determine hidden values, assess evidence, and put ideas to the test. If this one person was studied, he or she would provide a different set of data than the ones used to conclude that “smokers die younger.” Another useful method is the survey, which asks people to answer questions and report on their behavior or opinions. Surveying allows a psychologist to obtain information from large groups, but there is still the possibility of error because the requested information is dependent on the wording of a question, the group chosen to respond, and the respondents giving relevant self-reports.For example if the students from the college campus would have been investigated on their drinking behavior, there would have been a different response from the professors on the same college campus with the same survey. Naturalistic observation is a research method that allows us to observe and record data in an environment that is naturally occurring. This facilitates us to notice situations without the use of any external influence or falsification. In other ways, it only allows us to other ways describe a behaviour, not explain it. The correlation test is a scientific measure that makes previously unremarked data visible to the naked eye by implying the prospect of a relationship between different strongly linked things. The process of scientific inquiry involves six steps starting with investigations, hypothesis, experiment, analysis of data (reviewing the outcomes of the experiment), and the conclusions. The last step is communicating the outcomes or results at the end of the experiment.According to (Dawson, 2002) It is important to keep in mind the, 5 “When thinking of starting a research project, which are what, why, who, where and when these are the most important questions to keep in mind. In breaking down , these can be categorized in form of these questions, What is the research question, What is the purpose of doing the research, Who will be involved during my research, also like where will the research or project take place and the time, which answers the question of when will I be conducting the research? The choices you have to make when starting a research project, are mostlyIn the view of the above, the research will start with broad idea of the topic that you will want to write and more about. The next stage will be to so do initial research in order to identify a problem. The next stage will be refining the research questions by laying out the foundations of the research design, which will then followed by a proposal that outlines ideas and plans. This can summarized as below, Identify and develop the topic, a preliminary research, Finding materials, asses materials, making notes, start writing , citing sources in order and also proofreading your work.The primarily role of the literature review is to demonstrate selected subject of the topic has been studied before, also highlights errors of flaws that have been done from the research before, it shows gaps as well as contributing to the understanding the knowledge of the field that is relevant to a certain topic or the area of the study. Based on Trodim (2006), states that the two approaches, as “broad method of reasoning as the inductive and deductive. Normally deductive and inductive approaches are most common method that are being used most of the time. From time to time there has been some disagreement among research as to which is the best approach or method to use when conducting research and gathering data ,as it happens at times they address same questions however the methods they approach is differentHowever depending on the type of research that has been conducted and also the assumptions, it is important for researchers to know what they are assessing, in this case, the most things to consider is the questions which has to be defined and clear, as well as the keywords and the search strategies are stated. Deductive theory will most likely be employed in this scenario. Since deductive research progresses from theories to data collection, the goal is primarily to choose concepts that are well-known and well-defined and can be applied to a given issue. In comparison to induction or abduction, the deductive approach has been the most often used. Because you can use this approach to outline an argument based on a topic chosen based on existing knowledge, then conduct research to fill the gaps. In conclusion, when to use deductive or inductive research is during the research and data collection method, but it is entirely up to the researcher on the type of topic or project they want to focus on.2. Find a literature review close to your thesis topic. What are the review’s conclusions of the research topic? What kind of research gaps does the review identify? How these relate with your interests? – 1 page.Please read this – Below is the sample essay for the question number too, use this an example to find a literature review, based on the question below no. 2 (Find a literature review from ecotourism perspective (may be from Costa Rica) cite the literature carefully, indicate the source.. please follow the questions instruction carefully. Also please refer also to the links of materials provided for further insights and referencesThe research review’s conclusions were based on the study’s goal, which was to examine how tour operators deal with social and environmental issues in the context of sustainable development. The researchers have a strong opinion on how eco-tourism has been a success in a developing country, using Costa Rica as an example. It has revealed how ecotourism tour operators have been extremely committed to promoting and implementing sustainable development. In my opinion, if Costa Rica can succeed as a developing country to the point where tour operators set an example, other developing countries can follow suit. Since most countries are focused on mass tourism, which is focused on making more money, local communities usually do not benefit from this. Most tour operator companies in developed countries are profit-driven, but a study found that in Costa Rica, tour operators have aided in economic development by providing job opportunities in local communities. According to their reviews towards their study, they are on the opinion that if the tour operators can attract sustainable tourists, there is a possibility for them in investing in environmental and social actions. They also provide an alternative solution for the ecotourism operators to involve local communities in the business activities, support them through education awareness in order for them to get the knowledge and facilitate ecotourism for sustainable development.They researcher’s final view are that there is a need for acquiring knowledge skills on environmental protection and engaging in conservation activities because this can inspire the communities to accommodate the society for the environmental necessities within their society. On the other hand the reviewer’s conclusions has stated that mass tourism in one of the challenging that eco-tourism sector is facing like any other country developing country and ecotourism operators have no say on it, which cause a big threat towards their sustainable efforts. However the researchers of the study have proposed that awareness is needed beyond even involving all external parties such as local stakeholders to be involved in the environmental protection and local conservation for the sustainable development in order to support and facilitate the ecotourism initiatives for the benefit of their societies and the country large.Like any other study, limitation is something likely to occur and for this study it also a similar case, the research gaps from their research strategy on the data collection process showed that there were not many organizations or tour companies participated in the interview or some even did not respond. However that they are in opinion that may be it was due to the fact it was a high season of tourism, getting response might have impacted this because of busy schedule. My thesis is somehow similar to this, however is it not entirely focusing on the eco-tourism tour operators’ involvement but focusing on Zanzibar as an Island and the preliminary research questions will be, “Is Eco – tourism a viable option for Zanzibar”.This relates to my interests in sense that, with my thesis as part of this is conducting interviews with different stakeholders, Government officials, private sectors, local communities this is a challenging factor many of the research works faces. Sometimes they can be no response, which may delay this important part of the research methodology. The reviewers of this study were more concentrated on ecotourism Operators Company and the local communities. However they did not mention anything if they managed to conduct the interviews with Ministry that is responsible for tourism and other important stakeholders too in Rica which ,I would say it would have been a good idea to have their inputs as one of the very important stakeholders in this sector. On the other the hand focusing on their objective of the study, was to show the reality of the ecotourism operators’ research study and basically it was not to present the findings on all tour operators even from the mass tourism. This interest my thesis topic because I learnt something that Zanzibar Island as a case study has been not done that before, to have “ecotourism tour operators”. Nonetheless, ecotourism is a relatively new subject on the island, and the vast majority of people are unaware of it. On the other hand, their findings are relevant, and they can, of course, be used in many countries other than Costa Rica to facilitate participation in ecotourism for sustainable development.Despite the fact that the study’s limitations, according to the researchers, have focused only on Costa Rica in terms of empirical data, they recommend that a similar case study be conducted in a larger context in another country, not just on tour operators but also beyond. Because ecotourism is such a broad subject, it can also include high-end eco-tourism hotels, as well as middle and low-budget hotels, for which I tend to collect empirical data and learn more. Perhaps it would have been a good idea to differentiate between certified and non-certified eco-tourism companies, which was not mentioned in their research.