Racism: An Analysis and Proposal

Readings: The references need comes from this articles.• “Shooting an Elephant” (required)• “Racism and Oppression” (required)• “More Light! More Light!” (optional)• “Ask an Expert: How to Talk to Kids about Race” (optional)Film:Fruitvale Station (required)Task: Write a thesis-centered essay that analyzes the sources of racism and proposes solutions to them. You might want to describe a specific example of racism or provide a surprising statistic in the introduction to catch the reader’s attention; you could develop the causes of racism in the body of the essay; and you could discuss and develop possible solutions toward the end of the essay. For full credit, you are required to submit:• The outline you created in class• Rough drafts• Self- and Peer-Evaluation Forms• Final draftSubmit all parts as one document, with the final draft on top, i.e., the first page of your document should be page 1 of your final draft. Paginate the final draft only (in MLA style, as you did in Assignment #1).Audience: peers, instructorObjectives:• To synthesize the readings with your own ideas about and experiences of racism.• To analyze causes of racism.• To propose possible solutions to racism.• To use the MLA method of documentationEvaluative Criteria:• The essay effectively examines possible causes and develops possible solutions to racism.• The essay uses an effective introduction that includes a clear main‑idea sentence.• The essay integrates the class activities, the film, and the readings (in order to get a passing grade, the above-named required readings must be incorporated into the essay).• The essay uses an effective conclusion.• The essay uses MLA documentation competently.• The essay is free of major mechanical errors.• The essay consists of one or more rough drafts and a final draft (an essay with no rough drafts included will receive no credit).Do Nots (will get no credit):• Do not consult the internet for this assignment. If you do it anyway and end up using any information from a web source in your essay, you must acknowledge the source (see “Notes” below). If you don’t, then it will be construed as plagiarized.• Do not summarize the readings.• Do not summarize or provide background information about the film.• Do not provide historical references in the body paragraphs (e.g., slavery or imperialism in Burma).• Do not write about the authors.• Do not try to interpret a quotation.NOTES:* If you quote from a source other than the assigned readings, you must acknowledge the source. After the quotation or paraphrase, provide the name of the website in parentheses (if it’s an online source, the most likely source), for example, (USAtoday.com) or (Wikipedia).* I don’t recommend that you waste your time on sources other than the assigned readings or film because your grade will be based on your inclusion of the assigned material only. Anything else is simply the icing on the cake.DUE DATE: APRIL 1
Sample Body ParagraphThe body of the essay is the most important part, so that’s what we want to deal with first. As stated above, the first part should explain (roughly 50%) and the second part should illustrate (roughly 50%). Here is a sample body paragraph written by a fellow student:The media is also a root cause of racial oppression. Movies, books, and magazines usually label African Americans and Hispanics as the bad guys. Albert Memmi astutely observes that news stories are “diluted poison” that readers are constantly bombarded with (254). It is said that the majority in jail are black and Latino. If statistics prove this to be true, can it be because they don’t get fair trials? In the movie The Green Mile, John Coffey is a prisoner on death row. He is convicted for the brutal murder of two little girls, a crime he did not commit. Even after Paul Edgecomb, a guard at death row, finds out that Coffey is not the cold-blooded killer he is accused of being, he is still unable to acquire Coffey’s freedom, knowing that the court and the people would never allow Coffey a fair trial because of his color. Things like this happen even today; someone gets shot, and one is likely to hear a racist comment like, “Must’ve been a black guy.”
Notice that the first sentence of the body paragraph announces the cause—the media. Notice the transition “also” (we can assume this is the second body paragraph). Notice the half-inch indentation, and notice the double-spacing. Notice that the quotation doesn’t have to be a full sentence or more; it can be a short phrase. Notice that the title of the film is italicized. And notice the parenthetical citation (page number in parentheses). Generally when it comes to quoting, fewer words are better than many. Also, choose your quotations carefully: find phrases that are catchy and stand out, like the quoted phrase above, “diluted poison.” What a wonderful way to refer to news stories!One part of the student paragraph above provides general explanatory information about the media and how it plays a role in racism; this information comes from common knowledge (whatever the student personally knows about the topic). The other part provides two examples, one from “Racism and Oppression” and one from a film.