Court Systems

Response question:
In your supported view, if you had to select one foreign legal system that was better at delivering justice than the U.S. (or if the U.S. in your view is #1, then which nation is next in line), what nation would it be and specifically why?
Initial Post:The court system in America is a dual system comprised of the federal and state court system. Although performing almost similar tasks, the scope of the operations is different. State courts by far handle more cases than state courts and have more contractual obligations than federal courts. Despite handling fewer cases, the federal court system usually tends to matters of national importance, which the public has little knowledge about. These federal and state court systems are broken up into different levels to handle civil and criminal matters more effectively. All states have their own court system with distinct similarities and differences.The jurisdiction is what mainly differentiates the court systems. This means the type of cases the court will take on. State courts have much scope of administration compared to federal courts. They can take on individual cases from the citizens of their states, such as family disputes and robberies. On the other hand, federal courts have limited jurisdiction; these courts only handle cases listed explicitly in the constitution. For the most part, the federal courts deal with cases where the national government is involved, cases of bankruptcy, or violations of federal laws. Most criminal cases involve violations of state laws; therefore, such cases are handled in the state courts (Luftman, Heck &Associated LLP, 2019). But, in instances where the defendant violated federal law while committing the crime, the subsequent case will be heard in the federal courts. Sometimes the federal and state courts have authority over the same case, and in such a situation, the parties have a right to choose the court which will hear their case, either the federal or state court.Each court system has unique legal proceedings that dictate how specific laws will be handled. However, despite the differences between the systems, there are quite a number of similarities common to both the federal and state court systems. For instance, both of these courts were developed from articles of the constitution. As a result, they are required to honor the federal and state laws in executing their authority (Main, 2019). State courts must observe federal laws and ensure there is no conflict of power between the state and federal laws. On the other hand, federal courts are usually concerned with state laws in individual state courts. When dealing with any case, the federal courts will consider state-law-based claims and make sure both the federal and state laws are upheld.Although most believe the court systems have entirely different systems, the reality is by far very complex. Some functions are indeed different, for instance, the type of cases heard and the jurisdiction, but the two systems are interrelated. For example, both of these systems must conform to the general laws of the land, which comprise laws of federal and state nature. In their function, which is the execution of justice, these court systems must always uphold both the federal and state laws of the land. The courts must ensure that the judgment or decision arrived at is does not conflict with federal or state laws. Generally, I believe the state court system is more effective than the federal system. This is because, at the state level, the state court system is much more effective in dealing with cases affecting people, which improves the quality of life in the long run.
References:Luftman, Heck &Associated LLP, (2019). What’s the Differences, Between State and Federal Courts. https://www.columbuscriminalattorney.com/whats-the-difference-between-state-and-federal-courts/Main, T. O. (2019). Uniformity of State & Federal Procedure.